...to dominate the early congresses. And when you control Congress—that’s a lot of power. You appoint the Speaker of the House. You appoint all the committee chairmen. You control the party caucuses. Take the presidential election of 1800 as a glaring example. In that election, Thomas Jefferson, the southerner, defeated John Adams, the northerner, by eight electoral votes. If you take the Three-fifths Compromise away, Adams would have won the 1800 election by eight electoral votes. At the time, a lot of northerners saw exactly what was happening in 1800 and they didn't like it. And they started sarcastically calling Jefferson the Negro President because he was put in office by the Three-fifths Compromise.